Reference Styles


Book by a Single Author/Editor
MLA
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.
Anthony, Robert N. Planning and Control Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1965.
APA
AuthorLast, F.M. (Year). Title of book. City: Publisher.
Anthony, R.N. (1965). Planning and control systems: A framework for analysis. Boston: Harvard University Press.
Chicago
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.
Anthony, Robert N. Planning and Control Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1965.

 

Book by Multiple Authors 
MLA
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. and AuthorFirst M.AuthorLast. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.
Rich, Elaine and Kevin Knight. Artificial Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991. 
APA
AuthorLast, F.M., AuthorLast, F.M. & AuthorLast, F.M. (Year). Title of book. City: Publisher.
Rich, E. & Knight, K. (1991). Artificial intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill. 
Chicago
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M., AuthorFirst M. AuthorLast, and AuthorFirst M.AuthorLast. Title of Book. City: Publisher, Year.
Rich, Elaine and Kevin Knight. Artificial Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991. 

 

Anthologies/Chapters
MLA
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. "Chapter Title." Title of Book. Eds. EditorFirst M. EditorLast and EditorFirst M. EditorLast. City: Publisher, Year. PageStart-PageEnd.
Norman, Donald A. "Cognitive Engineering." User Centered System Design, Eds. Donald A. Norman and Stephen W. Draper. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1986.  31-62.
APA
AuthorLast, F.M. (Year). Chapter title. In F.M. EditorLast & F.M. EditorLast (Eds.), Title of book (pp. PageStart-PageEnd). City: Publisher.

Norman, D.A. (1986). Cognitive Engineering. In D.A. Norman & S.W. Draper (Eds.), User centered system design  (pp. 31-62). Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chicago
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. "Chapter Title." In Title of Book, ed. EditorFirst M. EditorLast and EditorFirst M. EditorLast, PageStart-PageEnd. City: Publisher, Year.
Norman, Donald A. "Cognitive Engineering." In User Centered System Design, eds. Donald A. Norman and Stephen W. Draper, 31-62. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,  1986.

 

Journal with Continuous Pagination (page numbers continue from one issue to the next)
MLA
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. "Article Title." Journal Name Vol (Year): PageStart-PageEnd.
Gross, Derek and Katherine J. Miller. “Adjectives in WordNet.” International Journal of Lexicography 3 (1990): 265-277.
APA
AuthorLast, F.M. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, Vol, PageStart-PageEnd.

Gross, D. & Miller, K.J. (1990). Adjectives in WordNet. International Journal of Lexicography, 3, 265-277.

Chicago
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M.. "Article Title." Journal Name Vol (Year): PageStart-PageEnd.
Gross, Derek and Katherine J. Miller. “Adjectives in WordNet.” International Journal of Lexicography 3 (1990): 265-277.

 

Journal with Non-Continuous Pagination (each issue has separate page numbering)
MLA
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. "Article Title." Journal Name Vol.No (Year): PageStart-PageEnd.
Foltz, Peter W. and Susan T. Dumais. “Personalized Information Delivery: An Analysis of Information-Filtering Methods.” Communications of the ACM 35.12 (1992): 51-60.
APA
AuthorLast, F.M. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, Vol (No), PageStart-PageEnd.

Foltz, P.W. and Dumais, S.T. (1992). Personalized information delivery: An analysis of information-filtering methods. Communications of the ACM, 35 (12), 51-60.

Chicago
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. "Article Title." Journal Name Vol, no. No  (Year): PageStart-PageEnd.
Foltz, Peter W. and Susan T. Dumais. “Personalized Information Delivery: An Analysis of Information-Filtering Methods.” Communications of the ACM 35, no. 12 (1992): 51-60.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Not used in the 2008 version

Conference Proceedings
MLA
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. “Article Title.” Proceedings Name, Location: Month Day. PubCity: Publisher, PubYear. PageStart-PageEnd.
Frisse, Mark E. and Steve B. Cousins. “Information Retrieval from Hypertext: Update on the Dynamic Medical Handbook Project.” Proceedings of Hypertext '89, Pittsburgh, PA: November 5-8. New York: ACM Press, 1989. 199-212.
APA
AuthorLast, F.M., AuthorLast, F.M., & AuthorLast, F.M. (Year). Article title. In Proceedings Name, Location, Month Day (pp. PageStart-PageEnd), PubCity: Publisher.

Frisse, M.E. & Cousins, S.B. (1989). Information retrieval from hypertext: Update on the dynamic medical handbook project. In Proceedings of Hypertext '89, Pittsburgh, PA: November 5-8 (pp. 199-212), New York: ACM Press.

Chicago
AuthorLast, AuthorFirst M. and AuthorFirst M. AuthorLast. Year. Article Name. In Proceedings Name, Location, Month Day, PageStart-PageEnd. City: Publisher
Frisse, Mark E. and Steve B. Cousins. 1989. Information Retrieval from Hypertext: Update on the Dynamic Medical Handbook Project. In Proceedings of Hypertext '89, Pittsburgh, PA: November 5-8 , 199-212. New York: ACM Press.