Because the field of health informatics is still developing, both job titles and duties may vary from one organization to the next. Here are just a few.
Chief Medical Information Officer
Typically, the CMIO is a physician with some degree of formal health informatics training or a working equivalent thereof. Other CMIOs are technology professionals who have been trained in health informatics, which focuses on the use of information in medicine and research. CMIOs often work in conjunction with, or help to manage other physician, nurse, pharmacy, and general informaticists within the organization.
The responsibilities and roles that are taken on by chief medical information officers are likely to vary from one organization to the next. On a general basis, these professionals are responsible for ensuring that information management is able to run smoothly from one organization to the next, and they are interested in ensuring a high quality of patient care within various information systems. Other duties for these professionals might include conducting data analysis to improve IT infrastructure, or participating in a wide range of IT governance tasks. These professionals might also be responsible for designing software applications and training development teams for the future.
While many chief medical information officers will work in hospital settings, others may choose to work in academic settings, as well as in government agencies that drive policy decisions.
Because CMIO jobs are fairly new to the health informatics industry, job duties often vary from one organization to another. Typical CMIOs manage a range of tasks, including the following:
- Evaluating an organization’s HI systems
- Designing and applying EMR/EHR software and applications
- Converting and analyzing medical and health data
- Ensuring top quality among multiple information systems
- Utilizing medical and health data to encourage improvements in services and daily operations
- Training physicians and other medical professionals in IT systems and applications, especially EMR/EHR and computerized physician order entry (CPOE)
- Gathering and analyzing research data to report to executives, government or scholarly institutions
Health Informatics Specialist
Health informatics specialists work closely with the implementation of technology in a healthcare setting. You may be responsible for training staff and creating educational documents for any systems and procedures, but you will also be responsible for troubleshooting and assisting staff when problems arise. As a health informatics specialist, you will also need to be up-to-date on the latest compliance and regulatory standards.
Health Informatics Manager
Health informatics managers and directors operate at a managerial or executive level, and are generally responsible for implementing a health informatics system. They ensure the smooth adoption of the technology, periodically assessing the needs of the clinical facility and using that to develop or modify a customized IT solution.
Health informatics managers must present systems to medical personnel, and assist in training them to use it. They work with a wide range of other technology and clinical professionals—data quality associates, drug safety specialists, developers, etc.—to make the IT systems as seamless and effective as possible. After monitoring the success of the system for a period of time to determine if it’s appropriate for a given healthcare setting, the manager will, if necessary, oversee the implementation of any enhancements or adjustments. Finally, depending on the size of the clinical facility, these professionals might also manage a team of health informatics and nurse informatics specialists.
Health Informatics Director
The position requires a combination of an understanding of technology and people skills designed to organize and integrate the flow of data across various divisions. Health informatics directors are responsible for training teams on technology, meeting with stakeholders and discussing changes to technological protocol, and recording, mitigating, and analyzing technology challenges and issues.
Health Informatics Project Manager
Healthcare IT project managers are responsible for managing large-scale projects as they relate to both healthcare and information technology. A healthcare IT project manager will facilitate all aspects of the project, from assigning various tasks to the members of the team to troubleshooting any issues that arise prior to completion. These professionals strive to complete the projects in the most cost-effective and efficient way possible, constantly moving to streamline the completion project from all angles while ensuring quality results. They’re often called upon to assist in the implementation of a new IT system in a given clinical facility. Finally, these PMs are tasked with the ongoing management and assessment of these systems as other staff and personnel adapt.
Health Informatics Developer
The Health Informatics Developer will design, develop, and test software applications and solutions with EHR technologies and platforms, supporting business requirements. The developer has knowledge of EHR systems, programming techniques, and best practices, and procedures. The Health Informatics Developer creates clear development plans, including time estimates for completing projects, performs development activities based on business requirements and technical specifications, designs, develops, implements, and supports HI software systems, produces complete, fully tested, and as close to error free code as possible based on requirements provided, tests code to ensure defined requirements match expected functionality, creates and/or maintains technical documentation and release notes.
Health Informatics Consultant
A position as a health informatics consultant is an independent one that allows healthcare facilities to comply with federal mandates while still keeping their costs for in-house employment low. Health informatics consultants typically assist in a wide variety of tasks, including installing new software, updating networks, monitoring and troubleshooting systems, and training teams.
Health consultants have a range of job tasks, including staff training and overseeing the implementation, modification and troubleshooting related to computer systems. HI consultants manage clinical application systems and databases in order to track patient records. Additionally, HI consultants often explain information about the databases to other staff members and patients.
Clinical Informatics Manager
Clinical informatics managers are responsible for overseeing the daily operations of the clinical information systems at a healthcare facility. Clinical informatics managers manage and train staff, monitor budgets, direct staff, and ensure all systems are in compliance with state, federal, and professional regulatory standards.
Clinical Informatics Specialist
Clinical informatics specialists work with the systems used to digitalize medical records. They are responsible for creating processes and improving procedures as well as documenting them for the staff. Clinical informatics specialists also oversee the transition of any paper documents to digital systems, and oversee the process.
Clinical analysts are responsible for closely evaluating data to help improve workflow and a healthcare facility’s overall clinical information systems. One of the main focuses of Clinical analysts will be creating the database systems for a healthcare facility. They will be responsible for striking a balance between efficiency and federal regulatory standards.
Clinical Informatics Data Analyst
A clinical data informatics analyst works directly with the IT system implemented by a director or manager and performs a variety of tasks related to the data acquisition, storage, and use. Specifically, they must assess the methods of data acquisition in a clinical setting, as well as how the data is documented, mapped, and analyzed. Furthermore, a clinical informatics data analyst often performs a quality assurance role, ensuring that the data documentation and integration processes are efficient and meet the needs of the organization. Above all, they monitor systems to guarantee that the acquisition, storage, and maintenance methods of healthcare data are performed in compliance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and other relevant healthcare legislation.
This area of work combines knowledge of nursing, information technology and health records and data. Specialists in this field pull information from a variety of sources and create processes for use by healthcare professionals, patients and other stakeholders. By doing so, nurse informatics specialists can help improve patient care and outcomes. Professionals in this occupation might train other nurses in record-keeping procedures.
They may be responsible for evaluating a healthcare facility to determine what clinical IT applications will help increase efficiency, and then must train the staff and on all new systems and ensure everyone is up to date on the latest technology. Informatics nurses also facilitate any communication between IT, vendors, and the staff regarding clinical IT applications.
Nurse Informaticists help integrate the field of nursing with communication technologies to help individuals and families. They develop effective information technology systems, and may work in a variety of different areas, including healthcare settings, academia, or even for private businesses. A nurse informaticist may help implement and evaluate an electronic health record system, playing an integral role in the application of IT systems in capturing the performance analytics of clinical and administrative personnel. Furthermore, these professionals help other nurses adapt to current and future IT systems as they relate to patient care.
Example Job Postings
The following are some actual position postings. Click any arrow to read the complete posting.